The Girling name is a legacy brand that dates back to the 1920s and has long been known for innovation and quality brake parts. A completely new lineup of motorcycle brake components are now available replicating the original equipment as specified for BSA, Norton, and Triumph motorcycles.
The complete Girling rear brake master cylinder assembly includes the alloy master cylinder housing, stainless steel master cylinder barrel, saddle feed pipe and nut, and threaded pushrod. The master cylinder barrel is fitted to the housing and factory pre-set for correct operation.
When the brake pedal is operated the piston moves along the bore to displace hydraulic fluid under pressure to operate the caliper pistons. On releasing the brakes, the return spring moves the piston back faster than the fluid can return and this causes the lip of the main rubber cup to relax and fluid passes over the cup from behind, through the holes drilled in the piston head for this purpose. When the piston is fully back against the circlip stop, a small bypass port in front of the main cup is uncovered, releasing all fluid pressure within the cylinder. This port also allows for expansion and contraction of the fluid caused by temperature changes during operation. The check valve at the bottom of the cylinder bore assists in purging air from the system during bleeding by ensuring a fresh charge of fluid each time the piston is stroked.
The assembly is fitted to a bracket attached to the swinging arm. The pushrod is threaded on the forward end allowing it to be precisely adjusted with the trunnion and brake lever assembly. Once the plumbing is all fitted and sealed, the hydraulic system must be bled free of any air.